Farmer Managed Natural Regeneration (FMNR): combat poverty and hunger through land and vegetation restoration

Introduction

Farmer Managed Natural Regeneration (FMNR) is a low-cost land restoration technique used to combat poverty and hunger amongst poor subsistence farmers by increasing food and timber production and resilience to climate extremes. Started in 1983 in Niger, FMNR is a form of coppicing and pollarding, drawing on traditional practices and sensitive to local variations.

In FMNR systems, farmers protect and manage the growth of trees and shrubs that regenerate

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Salt-Water Fish Extinction Seen By 2048

Salt-Water Fish Extinction Seen By 2048

The apocalypse has a new date: 2048.

That’s when the world’s oceans will be empty of fish, predicts an international team of ecologists and economists. The cause: the disappearance of species due to overfishing, pollution, habitat loss, and climate change.

The study by Boris Worm, PhD, of Dalhousie University in Halifax, Nova Scotia, — with colleagues in the U.K., U.S., Sweden, and Panama — was an effort to understand what … [more…]

To save life on Earth, here’s the $100 billion-a-year solution

pie charts: To save life on Earth, here's the $100 billion-a-year solution

Graphical pie charts: Increasing representation of important terrestrial, freshwater, and marine biodiversity sites for global 2030 milestones. (A) Terrestrial and freshwater biodiversity sites. (B) Marine biodiversity sites. The pie charts on the right of each figure represent sites that are currently not protected. Credit: Dinerstein et al., Sci. Adv. 2019; 5:eaaw2869

There have been five mass extinctions in the history of the Earth. But in the 21st century, scientists now … [more…]

New UN Decade on Ecosystem Restoration offers unparalleled opportunity for job creation, food security and addressing climate change

  • The United Nations General Assembly declared 2021 – 2030 the UN Decade on Ecosystem Restoration.
  • Restoration could remove up to 26 gigatons of greenhouse gases from the atmosphere.
  • UN Environment and FAO will lead the implementation.

01 March 2019, New York – The UN Decade on Ecosystem Restoration, declared today by the UN General Assembly, aims to massively scale up the restoration of degraded and destroyed ecosystems as a proven … [more…]

Should we corral reefs?

photo: a home aquarium

TANKS IN THE DARK. An enthusiast’s aquarium, filled with various fish species, is situated within the four walls of his bedroom. Photo by Kelly Veneracion

In the world of aquarium keeping, beauty has a price.

Scientists and environmentalists are concerned with the alarming status of coral reefs in the Philippines, which was confirmed in a nationwide survey held this year. According to a Philippine Journal of Science report on initial … [more…]